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Can sunglasses help with migraines? 

Migraines are more than just headaches; they are debilitating neurological events that can leave sufferers incapacitated for hours, if not days. Light sensitivity, or photophobia, is a common and painful symptom of migraines. For many, it can be a major trigger. As a result, one might wonder: can sunglasses offer relief or even prevent migraines? The answer is a resounding “yes,” but the story doesn’t stop there. 

Let’s explore how and why sunglasses can help, and what types might be most effective.

The Link Between Light and Migraines

Migraine sufferers often report that bright or flickering lights can set off or worsen their attacks. This sensitivity to light is not merely an annoyance; it is a documented symptom called photophobia, experienced by more than 80% of migraineurs. Research indicates that this heightened sensitivity is due to the way migraine-affected brains process light. When exposed to certain types of light, the trigeminal nerve, which is involved in facial sensation and motor control, becomes activated, potentially triggering a migraine.

The Protective Role of Sunglasses

Sunglasses can serve as a crucial tool for those who suffer from migraines. By reducing the amount of light entering the eyes, sunglasses can help to minimize the risk of triggering a migraine. However, not all sunglasses are created equal. The effectiveness of sunglasses in preventing or alleviating migraines depends on several factors, including lens colour, light filtering capabilities, and the presence of polarized or anti-glare features.

Lens Colour Matters

Different lens colours filter light in different ways. For migraine sufferers, lenses that filter out specific wavelengths of light can be particularly beneficial. FL-41 lenses, for example, have been found to be highly effective. These rose-coloured lenses block out blue and green light, which are known to exacerbate photophobia and trigger migraines. Studies have shown that wearing FL-41 lenses can reduce the frequency and severity of migraines in individuals who are particularly sensitive to light.

Polarization and Anti-Glare Features

Polarized lenses can also be a boon for migraine sufferers. These lenses reduce glare from reflective surfaces such as water, snow, and glass, which can otherwise intensify light sensitivity. By cutting down on glare, polarized lenses help to create a more comfortable visual environment, potentially reducing the likelihood of a migraine attack.

Similarly, anti-glare coatings can be added to lenses to reduce the intensity of bright lights, especially useful in environments with artificial lighting, such as offices or shopping centres. These coatings can be combined with various lens colours, including the beneficial FL-41 tint, to offer comprehensive protection against migraine-triggering light.

Beyond Sunglasses: Everyday Tips

While sunglasses can provide significant relief, they are not a cure-all. For optimal migraine management, consider incorporating additional strategies:

  1. Consistent Light Exposure: Try to maintain a consistent level of light exposure throughout the day. Sudden changes from dark to bright environments can trigger migraines.
  2. Screen Time Management: Blue light from screens is a known migraine trigger. Use screen filters, adjust brightness settings, and take regular breaks to reduce strain.
  3. Environment Control: At home and work, use soft, indirect lighting. Avoid flickering fluorescent lights and opt for LED lights with warm tones.
  4. Regular Eye Check-ups: Ensure that your vision is regularly checked. Straining to see clearly can exacerbate migraines, and proper corrective lenses can make a big difference.

Real-Life Testimonials

For many migraine sufferers, sunglasses are a game-changer. Take, for instance, Sarah, a graphic designer who has battled migraines for over a decade. She found that traditional dark sunglasses were too dim for indoor use, but after switching to FL-41 tinted lenses, she experienced fewer migraine episodes and less severe symptoms.

Then there’s James, an avid runner, who struggled with outdoor migraines triggered by sunlight. He discovered that polarized sunglasses not only helped him stay active but also reduced the frequency of his migraines significantly.


Sunglasses can indeed help with migraines, particularly when they are tailored to address specific light sensitivities. From FL-41 lenses to polarized and anti-glare features, the right pair of sunglasses can offer much-needed relief for migraine sufferers. However, it’s important to remember that they are just one piece of the puzzle. Combining the use of specialized sunglasses with other light management strategies can create a comprehensive approach to minimizing migraine triggers and improving quality of life.

By understanding the link between light and migraines, and by utilizing tools like sunglasses, those who suffer from this debilitating condition can take proactive steps towards better managing their symptoms. So, the next time you reach for your shades, remember—they might just be your secret weapon in the fight against migraines.


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